Disabilities Covered under Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
The following defines each area of disability included in the Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities (Amended – June 2010), Public Schools of North Carolina, State Board of Education Department of Public Instruction: Exceptional Children Division, Section NC 1500-2.4 (b) (1-14) Definitions:
Emotional Disability (ED) (also referred to as Serious Emotional Disability)
Serious emotional disability is a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:
An inability to make educational progress that cannot be explained by Intellectual sensory or health factors.
An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.
Inappropriate types of behaviors or feelings under normal circumstances.
A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
Serious emotional disability includes schizophrenia. The terms do not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have an emotional disturbance related to (5) (A-E) above.
Other Health Impaired (OHI)
Other health impairment is having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that-
Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette’s Syndrome, etc.; and
Adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
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