Dual Language Immersion Vision & Mission The vision of the North Carolina State Board of Education is that every public school student in North Carolina will be empowered to accept academic challenges, prepared to pursue their chosen path after graduating high school, and encouraged to become lifelong learners who will engage in a globally-collaborative society. Global Education is the means to ensuring that our North Carolina public school graduates are globally engaged and productive citizens. DL/I Commitment in Global Education A main focus or goal of the State Board of Education's Global Education Task Force report, "Preparing Students for the World" (January 2013) was to implement a plan for statewide access to dual language/immersion (DL/I) programs, K-12. North Carolina has been a leader in dual language/immersion (DL/I) for over 30 years. The first Spanish DL/I program began in the fall of 1990, and we now have over 225 DL/I programs in eight different languages: Cherokee, Chinese, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Spanish, and Urdu. The 2021 Canvass of DL/I Programs in US Public Schools showed that North Carolina is #5 in the nation and leading the Southeast in the number of DL/I programs. As a state, we are also very linguistically diverse, with at least 339 languages other than English being used in North Carolina students’ homes according to the latest Language Diversity in North Carolina report. Please read the details below about the ongoing work to sustain and expand K-12 DL/I programs in North Carolina. Professional Learning Webinar Series The NCDPI Dual Language/Immersion (DL/I) Team provides a quarterly webinar series with broadcasts on scheduled Thursdays from 3:30 - 5:00 pm Eastern. The goal is to provide support related to implementing K-12 DL/I programs effectively. All are welcome, including educators (teachers, administrators, etc.) from existing or prospective K-12 DL/I programs, as well as post-secondary instructors, professors, and researchers. Information about this year's broadcasts and archives are posted in the DL/I Webinar Series Canvas hub, which can be accessed with this shortened URL: https://bit.ly/DLIinNCwebinars. Book Studies The DL/I Blue Book study is a self-paced Canvas course focused on Educating English Learners (ELs) for a Transformed World (2009) and Thomas and Collier's research about how their findings support DL/I programming for all students, including ELs in two-way immersion programs. Please use the information and links below to access and enroll in the self-paced DL/I Blue Book Study, and look for future offerings of book studies with other Thomas and Collier publications. If you are a K-12 educator in NC Public Schools, use these step-by-step directions to enroll for 10 contact hours (or 1 CEU) in the HomeBase NCEES PD space. If you are a K-20 educator who wants to adapt this course to offer locally within your instance of Canvas, is at a K-12 independent/private school, a community college, or a higher education organization, or lives in a different state or country, use these instructions to download or import the course, in whole or in part, from Instructure's Canvas Commons. Magazine The DL/I Discourse magazine is a periodic publication featuring an array of articles for DL/I educators based on a theme. Please use the links below to access the current and past editions. Fall 2020 DL/I Discourse: Focus on Curriculum (also available as a PDF) Year in Review 2019-2020 DL/I Discourse: The Power of Leadership (also available as a PDF) Fall 2019 DL/I Discourse: Making Connections (also available as a PDF) Additional Resources FAQs Research Standards Terms NCDPI has compiled Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for DL/I programs, which are divided into 12 sections plus a list of acronyms: Contacts DL/I Programs DL/I Program: Students DL/I Program: Teachers DL/I Students: Academically or Intellectually Gifted (AIG) DL/I Students: Exceptional Children English Learners and English as a Second Language: ELs/ESL Instruction Media & Communications Testing & Accountability Resources Standards Please go to the DL/I FAQs or share this shortened URL: https://bit.ly/NCDLIfaqs. There is a considerable body of research that outlines the benefits of dual language/immersion (DL/I) programs for students, including: higher academic performance, greater cognitive development in mental flexibility, creativity, and divergent thinking, high levels of proficiency in the DL/I program language and in English, positive cross-cultural attitudes and behaviors, and enhanced career opportunities. Thomas & Collier Research The Thomas and Collier DL/I longitudinal studies were done in North Carolina by Professors Emeritus at George Mason University, Dr. Virginia Collier and Dr. Wayne Thomas. This research documents how being in a DL/I program benefits all students and how this can close the achievement gap. Please see the details below about the Thomas & Collier studies, including the annual reports and information about the study shared in books and presentations. Executive Summaries Year 1 (2007 - 2008) Year 2 (2008 - 2009) Year 3 (2009 - 2010) Each executive summary is 3 pages long. The most comprehensive executive summary to share with policymakers is Year 3 (2009 - 2010). Full Reports Year 1 or 2007 - 2008 (46 pages) Year 2 or 2008 - 2009 (45 pages) Year 3 or 2009 - 2010 (65 pages) Also, Dual Language Education for a Transformed World includes Chapter 5 called "Astounding Effectiveness - The North Carolina Story." Read the excerpt and the published graphs from the North Carolina study. The focus of dual language/immersion (DL/I) programs is to help students become proficient in another language in addition to English. These students master subject content from other disciplines, using the DL/I program language or both languages. Research in DL/I programs shows: All students develop high levels of proficiency in the DL/I program language and English. Academic performance of students is at or above grade level. Students demonstrate positive cross-cultural attitudes and behaviors. Please see the links below to the Standard Course of Study (SCOS) documents for language acquisition in DL/I programs. World Language Standards The proficiency-based North Carolina World Language Essential Standards (WLES) were adopted by the North Carolina State Board of Education in September 2010 and implemented beginning in the 2012-2013 academic year. View the World Languages Content Standards and Support Documents DL/I programs are part of the K-12 Dual & Heritage Languages in the WLES, which has several Instructional Toolkit components or support documents linked above, including these with information about DL/I program standards, K-12, for target language acquisition outcomes: Crosswalk comparing the former standards to the current WLES Unpacking Document for all K - 12 DL/I programs described in the WLES for different language types (alphabetic and logographic) Many DL/I secondary continuation programs design a language course sequence for students that includes Heritage Language and Modern Language courses, which are outlined in these Unpacking documents linked above: Dual & Heritage Languages - Heritage Languages (formerly Native Speakers) Modern Languages - High School, Levels I - VIII The WLES resource documents for Global Education and Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) are also available for all World Language programs. Please go to the NCDPI World Languages Standard Course of Study & Supporting Resources page for additional details or look for additional tools for administrators and teachers in the World Languages Resource Hub, which can be accessed via the short URL: (coming soon). English Language Development Standards The NC English Language Development (ELD) Standard Course of Study is the WIDA English Language Proficiency Standards. The WIDA English Development (ELD) Standards represent the social, instructional and academic language students use to engage with peers, educators and the curriculum in schools. WIDA is part of the University of Wisconsin – Madison and it is housed in the Wisconsin Center for Education Research (WCER). North Carolina is part of the WIDA Consortium for English Language Development Standards and Assessment. The WIDA Consortium is a group of member states dedicated to the research, design and implementation of a culturally and linguistically appropriate system to support English Learners (ELs) in K-12 contexts, including DL/I programs. View the English Language Development (ELD) Standards and Support Documents Please go to the NCDPI English Language Development Standard Course of Study & Supporting Resources page for additional details or look for additional tools for administrators and teachers in the NC ELD Standards Resource Hub, which can be accessed via the short URL: https://bit.ly/ELDStandardsHub. North Carolina's DL/I programs use the terms summarized below from the book, Languages & Children: Making the Match, by Helena Curtain and Carol Ann Dahlberg. Please view the North Carolina DL/I Program Directory to see how schools describe their DL/I programs. Types of Immersion There are two types of immersion programs: One-Way and Two-Way. These terms refer to the population of students being served in the DL/I program. One-Way Immersion - Students enrolled in the DL/I program are mostly monolingual speakers, either of English or of the DL/I program language Two-Way Immersion - Students enrolled in the DL/I program are a combination of native speakers of English and native speakers of the DL/I program language Types of Programs There are several types of DL/I programs offered in North Carolina. Continuing Immersion - Designed to continue a DL/I program at the secondary level (middle school/junior high, high school). Courses are delivered in English or the DL/I program language, depending on scheduling and other factors. Developmental Bilingual - Designed for English Learners (ELs) to develop English proficiency, as well as to maintain and improve their native or heritage language skills. Content is delivered in the DL/I program language and in English. Full Immersion - Structured for environments where the DL/I program language is used exclusively or for the majority of the day. Content is delivered in the DL/I program language. English language arts is typically introduced around grade 2. Indigenous Immersion - Designed for language and culture revitalization in indigenous communities. Content is delivered in English and the DL/I program language. Partial Immersion - Structured for environments where the DL/I program language is used for some portion of instructional time that is less than half. Content is delivered in English and in the DL/I program language. Contact Us NCDPI DL/I Team The NCDPI DL/I Team is co-led by: Ivanna Mann Thrower Anderson ESL/Title III Consultant (EL Program Quality - West)firstname.lastname@example.org (984) 236-2828 Ann Marie Gunter, Ph.D. K-12 World Languages Consultantann.email@example.com (984) 236-2831 Also, feel free to contact: Stacy Daniel, Ed.D. Section Chief for ELA & Languagesstacy.firstname.lastname@example.org (984) 236-2829 Teresa Parker Administrative Specialist for ELA & Languagesteresa.email@example.com (984) 236-2833 Statewide DL/I Program Directory If you have questions about a dual language/immersion (DL/I) program in North Carolina, please contact the DL/I administrator(s) for the Public School Unit (PSU) on this spreadsheet or use the spreadsheet to explore the DL/I programs across the state. Details posted include contact information for administrators and principals, DL/I program website for the PSU, school name, DL/I language, type of immersion, program model, year of launch, school website, etc. DL/I Advisory Board The North Carolina Dual Language/Immersion (DL/I) Advisory Board is a K-20 group representing DL/I programs from across the state. The members of this board have the opportunity to share their expertise and collaborate with the NCDPI DL/I Team and other educators across the state for the following purposes: advise on policy and implementation questions give input on materials, resources and information created and disseminated to support DL/I implementation provide feedback on the professional learning needs of the DL/I field serve in small groups to develop DL/I processes, resources, etc. DL/I Advisory Board members are selected based on the application process that is done every two years. DL/I Educators Listserv & Connections Go to the NCDPI Sign Up for Updates page to add your email address to the Dual Language/Immersion (DL/I) Educators listserv. Announcements, periodic newsletters, and other updates are shared on the listserv. There may also be other NCDPI listservs of interest to you in your work, which you can add to your subscription. Connect with the NCDPI DL/I Team on Twitter with #DLIinNC and share this landing page with the shortened URL: https://bit.ly/NCDLIinfo.