Resource Allocation Review (RAR)

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires that state education agencies (SEAs) conduct periodic resource allocation reviews (RARs) in public school units that serve federally identified schools. Resource allocation refers to how public school units distribute money and other school inputs that influence student performance outcomes. A Resource Allocation Review (RAR) is a collaborative process that examines how a school or district distributes resources to meet the needs of each student. RARs should consider the following dimensions of resource equity that impact student outcomes: 

  • Teaching quality
  • Rigorous content
  • Instructional time and attention
  • Early intervention
  • Early learning
  • A whole-child approach
  • Family academic engagement

RARs should serve as a method to identify resource inequities and answer questions such as: Are high-need districts, schools, and students getting more or less critical educational resources compared to their peers?

In North Carolina, PSUs with a "significant number" of federally identified schools are identified to participate in the RAR process at the start of each federal identification cycle. The identification criteria are as follows: 

  • Districts with 15% or greater schools that are identified as Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) 
  • Districts with 66% or greater schools that are identified as Additional Targeted Support and Improvement (ATSI)
  • Charter/LAB Schools identified as CSI at the Tier II level
  • Charter/LAB Schools identified as ATSI with two or more identified subgroups

For more information about North Carolina’s Resource Allocation Review process, please contact Dr. Pauletta Thompson at 

Identified PSUs must meet compliance in the following three areas throughout the identification cycle.

Compliance Area #1: Annual Resource Allocation Review Self - Assessment

  • All Identified PSUs must submit the self-assessment annually
  • Available in April – Due by May 31 
  • Resource Allocation Review Report provided by NCDPI by September 30 annually

Compliance Area #2: On-Site Resource Allocation Review 

  • Collaborative stakeholder discussions
  • Visits to federally identified schools 
  • Occurs at each of the identified PSUs, once per identification cycle

Compliance Area #3: Targeted Resource Allocation Review 

  • Follow-up to the Comprehensive Resource Allocation Review 
  • Conducted virtually unless an on-site visit is requested

RAR Self-Assessment Presentation

RAR Self Assessment Webinar Password: 47bDmTJJ

Resource Allocation Review Frequently Asked Questions

Tab/Accordion Items

Annual Resource Allocation Review Self-Assessment - Organization Level (District)

Annual Resource Allocation Review Self-Assessment - School Level (District)

Annual Resource Allocation Review Self-Assessment - Charter School

Resource Allocation Review Frequently Asked Questions